CPEC Route and CPEC Map
CPEC Route and map holds extreme significance. The deep-sea port of Gwadar is to be connected to the Chinese border via two routes — eastern route and western route. The CPEC eastern route will pass through Makran coastal highway, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Multan, Lahore, Islamabad, Mansehra, Thakot, Raikot to Khunjarab while the CPEC western route will pass through Gwadar, Turbat, Bismah, Surab, Qalat, Quetta, Zhob, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Kohat, Peshawar and Islamabad onward. Before we shed further light on the CPEC route and map, let us first look at what the CPEC is.
What is CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor)?
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a major project of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which is proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping. The mega project has emerged as the framework for cooperation between China and Pakistan. The leaders of our two countries have attached great importance as well as rendered active promotion to the construction of CPEC.
History of CPEC
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang proposed the initiative of CPEC in May 2013 while visiting Pakistan, which got positive response and support from the Pakistani government. In July 2013, during Prime Minister Sharif’s visit to China, an MOU was signed to start work on CPEC. Up till now, various projects are being implemented in a steady way, and are under smooth construction overall.
CPEC – A Mega Infrastructure Project
The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a gigantic project which will connect Gwadar port in Pakistan to Xinjiang in China. It has a huge Infrastructure network which part of OBOR (Belt and Road Initiative) Silk Road. CPEC will make roads for commerce and collaboration with China and other affiliated countries with this economic trade link which will have railway lines, highways, pipelines, and energy projects which will produce 16400 MW of electricity which will be gold for the South Asian countries.
CPEC is also known as North-South Economic Corridor but the main aim of this project is to augment the capabilities of transportation and trading between China and Pakistan. CPEC is worth US$ 54 billion now which was US$ 46 billion back in 2013.
CPEC Route Gwadar: The difference between CPEC Eastern route and CPEC Western Route
The deep-sea port of Gwadar is supposed to be connected to the Chinese border via two routes — eastern route and western route. The CPEC eastern route will pass through Makran coastal highway, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Multan, Lahore, Islamabad, Mansehra, Thakot, Raikot to Khunjarab. The CPEC western route, on the other hand, will pass via Gwadar, Turbat, Bismah, Surab, Qalat, Quetta, Zhob, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Kohat, Peshawar, and Islamabad onward.
Connecting the world by road and sea the Maritime Silk Road utilizes Pakistan’s location to bypass the chokepoint of the Malacca Straits. Making the route of its energy supplies to Xinjiang from the Persian Gulf via Gwadar will shorten the distance by many thousand Km which will result in less time approximately 10 days.
At first, the Government of Pakistan pledged a CPEC route that goes through Western Pakistan via Zhob and Quetta which will result in the development of Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. But afterward, the other side of the corridor route has come out, which is CPEC Eastern route will pass through Multan, Faisalabad, Pindi Bhatia and Rawalpindi while the Western Route will go through North Eastern Baluchistan through towns of Kalat Quetta and Zhob.
Starting from Xinjiang China to Karachi Pakistan is the major CPEC route, the goal of this route is to make the trade easy along an overland route which connects Kashgar and Gwadar, through the production of railways, optical fiber, highways, and pipelines.
To strengthen the friendship of China and Pakistan the two countries are working together especially in Gwadar’s deepwater port from where the trade can happen with all the world, especially Asian and Arabian countries.
The Government of Pakistan in 2015 under Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif made a CPEC map route in Pakistan which was that the route will pass through Gilgit Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, and Baluchistan. This was the most ideal and shortest route for China to reach Gwadar port, but the Map route was changed later the reason is still unknown.
Significance of CPEC
CPEC would play a key role through economic incentives and regional integration in the form of networks, connectivity, and partnerships.
CPEC is a great project and the aim of this project is to quickly expand and improve Pakistani infrastructure and make strong the bond between Pakistan and China. CPEC is the extension of Chinas motivated One Belt One Road program.
CPEC will result in countless direct jobs approximately 7 lac between 2015 and 2030 and will also increase country’s economic growth. If the all the projects that were discussed are executed, the total value of those projects will be equal to direct foreign investment in Pakistan since 1970, and it would be equal to 17 per of Pakistan’s 2015 GDP. The main problem of Pakistan which is unemployment will be solved and Pakistan will prosper through CPEC in near future.
CPEC would also address the objections of the Province of Balochistan as well. The project will help to do away with the sense of deprivation, discrimination, and lack of proper management and allocation of resources of the province. The people of the province would enjoy economic progress and would get opportunities to trade and invest as well. The oil and mineral resources of Balochistan would be explored and the establishment of Gwadar Port, Gwadar International Airport and Special Economic Zones (SEZ) would boost the significance of the strategic and economic location of Balochistan furthermore. The project would open up new employment opportunities for the Balochis as well.
CPEC has also opened opportunities for locals in Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan as since CPEC route also passes through GB. The project would not just lure the tourism and direct foreign investment in the country but would help Pakistan to get rid of the energy crisis, which is one of the most serious problems the country is faced with at the moment.
OBOR (One Belt One Road)
OBOR covers almost 65 countries in Europe, Central Asia, and Africa. The project is gigantic as it connecting the world together as it has 6 economic corridors, $2 trillion, 65 countries, 34per of global GDP and 4.4 billion people.
OBOR is the project which connects the world through rapid roads and railways lines for import and export and trade. OBOR consists of 6 huge corridors one of them is CPEC other are in different countries like India, Bangladesh, Russia, Turkey and other member countries.
Infrastructure development of CPEC is done by joining Asia with Europe and Africa through Central Asia. This is the amalgamation of huge projects of Infrastructure in 65 countries which are part of OBOR.
The Final Word
Having a deeper glimpse at the CPEC route and map will surely give us a better idea of the importance of this groundbreaking project, which is an indispensable part of BRI.
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